Picasso was born in 1881 in Malaga, Spain. Pablo adopted his maternal name Picasso, instead of Ruiz (father’s name). Picasso’s father was a professor of art and had the earliest influence on his son.
Picasso made three trips to Paris: 1900, 1901, and 1902, returning each time to his family in Spain because of a lack of money. He was finally able to settle in Paris in 1903. For the rest of his life Picasso was considered a French painter. His Spanish friends in Paris said he always had a little French in him, but Picasso said the French made him feel more Spanish.
Picasso’s blue period started in Paris in 1901, but it didn’t begin to flourish until he returned to Barcelona that same year. Majority of the blue works are women. Transition between the blue and rose period began in 1904. The rose paintings are filled with harlequins and acrobats.
The rose period started to end with The Portrait of Gertrude Stein in 1906.
At this time he started to move towards sculpture and printmaking. This started his fascination of simplifying of objects into geometric forms. His paintings became more linear and sharp. Picasso’s influences from Cezanne developed into Cubism. In 1907, his Les Demoiselles d’ Avignon established his avant-garde status.
The beginning of World War I put an end to Cubism in Picasso’s work. His Post-war paintings began to become Surrealist, as in The Dance (1925).